As 18th-century science and medicine brought properties of electricity to light, some Victorian doctors decided that putting sick people in a bathtub and shocking them might be a good idea.

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Sources:
https://thepenningtonedition.wordpress.com/2012/02/05/victorian-remedies-of-course-its-safe/
http://thequackdoctor.com/index.php/harness-electric-corset-with-podcast/
Pseudo-Science and Society in 19th Century America (Book)
http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/h/health-and-medicine-in-the-19th-century/
http://thequackdoctor.com/index.php/harness-electric-corset-with-podcast/
Electropharmacology (Book)
http://www.corrosion-doctors.org/Definitions/galvanism.htm
The Medical and Surgical Reporter
https://archive.org/stream/39002086308351.med.yale.edu/39002086308351.med.yale.edu_djvu.txt
Notes on Galvanism and Faradism (Book)
http://www.explainthatstuff.com/defibrillators.html
http://libraries.mit.edu/collections/vail-collection/topics/electricity/the-voltaic-pile/
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hhw/electrical
http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/133/8/2489

Image Sources:
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Luigi_Galvani,_oil-painting.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:VoltaBattery.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Practical_electro-therapeutics_and_X-ray_therapy_-_with_chapters_on_phototherapy,_X-ray_in_eye_surgery,_X-ray_in_dentistry,_and_medico-legal_aspect_of_the_X-ray_(1912)_(14757090285).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MagnetoElectricMedicalMachine.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:All_in_search_of_health_should_wear_Harness%27_Wellcome_L0074969.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tens.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Defibrillation_Electrode_Position.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Implantable_cardioverter_defibrillator_chest_X-ray.jpg